IVAO IVAO Switzerland Division


Divisional Special Operations Department is active


No SO events are planned. You may check events in other countries.


No SO events have been organised. You may check archive data for SO events organised before 01 December 2018.


Divisional Special Operations Letter of Agreement (LOA)

LOA EFFECTIVE DATE 16 December, 2018

Please be advised that the SO Regulations applies to SO flights conducted in IVAO Switzerland Division and the LOA presented below serves as a division–specific extension to it.


1.

INTRODUCTION


This document is part of IVAO Switzerland Rules and is here to provide all necessary information and agreements about military operations in Switzerland airspaces.
The configuration must be respected in terms of agreements, callsigns and frequencies used. Any change and amendments will be approved only by CH-HQ, Swiss SO Department and Swiss ATC Department.
All the amendments will be communicated via virtual NOTAM or newer version of this document.

2.

WHAT ARE THE SPECIAL OPERATIONS?


Special operations concern every flight that is not commercial or part of the general aviation.
Here is a list of what is considered as SO:
➢ Military flights

➢ Police flights

➢ Government flights

➢ Medical flights

➢ Search and rescue, firefighting, aso…

3.

MILITARY OR CIVIL FLIGHTS


There are two kinds of procedures and regulations for the flights:

3.1 OAT

Operational Air Traffic concerns all flights that are operated under the Special Ops rules which means under military procedures.

3.2 GAT

General Air Traffic concerns all flights that are operated under normal civil procedures.
GAT is subject to ATC ops and Flight Ops rules. They are not taken in account in this document.

4.

MILITARY AIRSPACES AND SPEED


The military airspaces are on this chart: https://www.ivao.ch/images/events/somapch.PNG

4.1 SPEED RESTRICTIONS

APPROVED OPERATIONS IN CIVIL AIRSPACE
250kt max < FL100
350kt max > FL100, Higher speed can be granted by LSAS_MIL_CTR only.

APPROVED OPERATIONS IN MILITARY AIRSPACE
250kt max < FL100 above FL100 Supersonic Flights are approved.

FREELANCE OPERATIONS IN CIVIL AIRSPACE
Same restrictions apply

FREELANCE OPERATIONS IN MILITARY AIRSPACE
Same restrictions apply

4.2 MILITARY AIRSPACES

There are 2 main military airspaces in Switzerland that are activated from Monday to Friday or via NOTAM.
Some area can also be activated via NOTAM if needed at any time.
Referring to the chart on the previous page, here are the characterizations of those airspaces:
If no ATC are online, no restrictions apply to civil traffic.

4.2.1 AIRSPACE 1

Is active from 0730 to 1205 LT and from 1315 to 1705 LT or via NOTAM.
When Airspace is active, the class C airspace starts at FL130 to FL195 and no civils traffic must enter the airspace without contact with SWISS RADAR for IFR traffic or GENEVA DELTA for VFR traffic.

4.2.2 AIRSPACE 2

Is active from 0730 to 1205 LT and from 1315 to 1705 LT or via NOTAM.
When Airspace is active, the class C airspace starts at FL130 to FL195 and no civils traffic must enter the airspace without contact with SWISS RADAR for IFR traffic or ZURICH DELTA for VFR traffic.

4.2.3 AIRSPACE 3

This military airspace which is a Restricted area (LS-R4) is activated only by NOTAM and is controlled by Payerne (LSMP) Tower.
When activated, the LS-R4 starts from GND to 8900ft.
Every VFR traffic crossing this area must be in contact with Payerne Tower.



5.

INTERCEPTION FLIGHTS


INTERCEPTIONS Flights are prohibited without the request of the ATC or during a special ops event.

6.

OPERATIONS WITH ATC


6.1 MILITARY SWISS RADAR

If the Military Swiss Radar (LSAS_MIL_CTR) is online, OAT must remain all the time on the Dübendorf operation centre frequency. Including when crossing civil airspace.

6.2 SWISS RADAR

If Dübendorf operation centre is not online but SWISS RADAR (LSAS_CTR) is online:
OAT must remain on frequency while flying on Civil airspace but while flying on Military airspace, SWISS RADAR has no more authority on the traffic and must coordinate with him in order to guide the other traffics to not cross the airspace.
Remember: Military aircrafts have full authority on Military airspace even if SWISS RADAR is online.

6.3 NO ATC CONTACT

If no ATC‘s are online:
While flying into uncontrolled airspace, pilots should check their own separation and monitor UNICOM.
Pilots must contact the according ATC while crossing a civil airport CTR, TMA.
At all time, they must manage their own separation without messing anytime with civil traffic or ATC.
When departing from or going to a civil airport, pilots are required to switch to GAT and follow normal procedures, except with civil ATC agreement to continue OAT.


7.

TRAFFIC SEPARATION


The pilot must keep the following separation with GAT:
5nm horizontal separation, plus a margin during low altitude manoeuvres (approach, departure…)
1000ft separation with GAT traffic in cruise, 2000ft with GAT traffic in climb or descent OAT traffic should NEVER interfere with civil flights, except during interceptions or special circumstances approved by division SO staff.

8.

ATC RULES

8.1 SWISS RADAR

SWISS Radar can be opened by any Swiss ATC or foreign ATC with a GCA that are at least APC.
The ATC doesn’t need a military training.
Swiss Radar is not responsible of any military Airport including Approach and Departure.

8.2 MILITARY SWISS RADAR

This position can be opened by any Swiss ATC that are at least ADC and that followed at least 2 military ATC training and a theoretical exam.
The theoretical exam is done via a Google form and without any time restrictions.

8.3 MILITARY ATC (TWR AND APP)

Any ATC that wishes to open military Tower or Approach must follow at least 2 military ATC training and a Theoretical Exam for each airport.


9.

MILITARY AIRBASES

Sion LSGS (military and civil airbase)
Meiringen LSMM
Alpnach LSMA
Dübendorf LSMD
Emmen LSME
Locarno LSZL
Bern LSZB (military and civil airbase)
Buochs LSZC
Payerne LSMP

10.FOREIGN

MILITARY TRAFFIC

For the time being, Foreign military traffic are forbidden in the Swiss Airspace.
An agreement can be done in coordination with the CH-SO Dep.
Member not following this rule will be suspended and/or an E-Mail will be sent to their Division
HQ.



The LOA text presented above is the responsibility of IVAO Switzerland Division Special Operations Coordinator (SOC) and HQ–SOD can not guarantee it's accuracy. HQ–SOD only evaluates LOAs provided by divisional SOCs against some general common standards set by the SO Regulations.



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