IVAO IVAO Spain Division

Divisional Special Operations Department is active

No SO events are planned. You may check events in other countries.

No SO events have been organised. You may check archive data for SO events organised before 01 December 2018.

Ala 23 Virtual




IVAO Ala 23 Virtual special operations group

Ala 23 Virtual is one of the prominent and distinctive units of the Spanish Air Force. We are always dedicated to teaching and training tasks of Spanish fighter pilots, and are based at the Talavera la Real Air Base (Badajoz, LEBZ, Spain). Real-world Badajoz Air Base pilots stand out for their distinctive way of flying, as well as for their human qualities, and they are commonly known as the "Black Paws".

Divisional Special Operations Letter of Agreement (LOA)

LOA EFFECTIVE DATE 10 August, 2017

This LOA is outdated and may contain incorrect information; this LOA will be reviewed by the Spain Division (ES) Special Operations Coordinator (SOC) shortly. It is displayed for reference only. Updated LOA will be published on this page as soon as ES SOC reviews it. Meanwhile, if needed, please contact ES SOC for enquiries. Contact details are on the right.

Special Operations Callsigns

We suggest all pilots to fly using the callsigns according to the aircraft or squadron within they are flying. You may take a look at https://www.ivao.es/?module=operacionesespeciales&page=principal and click on “Recursos” to see the Spanish military aircraft callsigns. If you are flying a plane from a foreigner country you may use the callsigns found in the same place.

Traffic separation

●  Both military and civil operating aircrafts must be separated 2000ft or more on a vertical way, from each one.

●  Both military and civil operating aircrafts must be separated 5 or more nautical miles from each.

●  The separation to be applied between two military operating aircrafts not flying within a formation must be equal or greater than the one applied to two civil aircrafts, following ICAO or local standards.

●  Aircrafts being part of a formation assume their own separation between them inside the formation.

Speed restrictions

All aircrafts flying inside the Spanish airspace should comply with ICAO regulations and/or local regulations, which are the following:

All aircrafts flying inside the Spanish airspace should comply with ICAO regulations and/or local regulations, which are the following:

●  Speed 250 knots or less from FL100 to the ground level.

●  Subsonic speed when flying above FL100, being always below mach 0.95.

Aircraft which may require greater speeds than the previous one due to performance, their task or maneuvers, must adhere to the following regulations:

●  From FL100 to the surface, maximum speed is 250 knots except, overhead and similar maneuvers or those which may be cleared by an ATC, cleared by the Spanish Special Operations department or to the pilot own discretion, according to their performance and needs during their maneuvers.

●  From FL100 up to FL400, speed must not be greater than Mach 0.95

●  Starting from FL400, all kind of speed restrictions are cancelled. Except those required by ATC.

In any circumstance the ATC may modify this restrictions for traffic management, separation or adjustment.

Special operations training areas:

Airspaces approved for special operations are included in each FIR/UIR website and additionally, at the Spanish Special Operations Department website, these websites are the following: https://www.ivao.es/?module=atc&page=firs

CAT B Training Areas

These are the areas which can be used for CAT B training exercises within the Spanish airspace:

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Military ATC positions

●  All shared airports between civil and military traffics are opened for controlling, giving always priority to the civil traffic against the military traffics, this does not apply to events.
●  Spain has many military facilities, you may look up them at https://www.ivao.es/?module=operacionesespeciales&page=principal and click on “Control” If you want to obtain more information regarding this topic, find it out on each FIR/UIR website.

Military ATC regulations

●  All facilities (military and shared) can be opened when suitable according to the established FRA’s for the daily basis or events. All of these will be published at https://www.ivao.es/?module=operacionesespeciales&page=principal and click on “Control”
●  Spanish division requires foreign controllers to have GCA check in order to control at our airspace, whether are civil or military ones.
●  The full chart including all the military ATC positions in Spain is https://www.ivao.es/?module=operacionesespeciales&page=principal and click on “Control” and additionally at all Spanish FIR/UIR websites.
●  All military positions are restricted to members of the IVAO Spain military ATC workforce or trainees. In order to open this positions is mandatory to have connected a civil equivalent position. For example: In order to open LECM_M_CTR you must have connected at least, one of the LECM_XXX_CTR civil sectors.

The LOA text presented above is the responsibility of IVAO Spain Division Special Operations Coordinator (SOC) and HQ–SOD can not guarantee it's accuracy. HQ–SOD only evaluates LOAs provided by divisional SOCs against some general common standards set by the SO Regulations.

IVAO Special Operations flights